N - FCI recognized breeds.
Character is a versatile companion dog, energetic and easily trained, alert, confident and friendly, charming as a bulldog can be. It is never aggressive or timid. It loves the owner and his family members, it is playful and it gets well with children and strange dogs, too. It is still remains a real and vigilant watchdog.
Early socialization and consistent training it is necessary for dog as for any other dog. A well-behaved dog is calm, it does not seek and it does not make conflict with other dogs. It is sporty and no longer walks it is not problems for this breed.
Before registration for breeding of every individual must undergo X-ray examination for hip dysplasia and dysplasia of elbow joint and pass the breeding-study examination. It also includes health checks focused on diseases typical for bulldogs, heart disease and respiratory organs. Tests are also behavioural foundation of each candidate.
This is a medium-sized short-haired dog burly Bulldog type, which is defiance physique moving and relentless, and even at a trot, canter even when not suffering from any respiratory problems. Height at withers is from 40 to 46 cm (with a tolerance of ± 2 cm), body weight ranging from 22 to 30 kg (mean values of two variables are the most popular). The proportions are important, crucial, however, it is always the general appearance of the dog, a bulldog type must be kept.
The head is seen from the front almost square with a slight bulging in places zygomatic arches. Forehead should be flat to slightly arched, the front slope (stop) runs backward through the centre of the head broad but shallow front furrow stretching roughly the middle of the skull. Stop must be significant, but not too deep.
Muzzle should be broad when viewed from the front almost square. The nasal bridge is straight, never be either curved or arched forehead passes at the track lines bent at right angles. Skin folds on both sides of the muzzle must not be too rough. The nose is broad, with distinct vertical line across the middle. Nostrils should be large, clearly open. The colour of the nose must be a deep black.
From the inner corner of eye stretches oral corner fold of skin, which should not be too strong. The lower jaw including chin is broad and strong, with closed mouth may never see nor tongue or teeth. Brad has to be distinctive, strong but not overlapping the front upper lip. Undershot jaw should be 1-5, max. 10 mm. The teeth on each jaw are arranged in one continuous line, to be vertically and firmly planted into the jaws. Lips should be thick as possible with a fully pigmented edge. The lower can be the sides of the lip. Canines are far apart, and between them the top and bottom six regularly spaced and large enough incisors. Absence of first premolars (P1) is permitted on the molars 3 (M3) is not taken into account. Cheeks should be slightly arched, tense (unlined), nicely rounded.
The eyes should be round, facing forward and are stored in eyecups far apart. They may not sunken or bulging, staring. If the dog is straight ahead cannot to be seen or a piece of the sclera. The iris should be dark brown. Eyelids fitting if possible fully pigmented edge close to the eyeballs.
The earlobes are high, small and thin. Their bases are at the upper line of the skull. they can be hung or folded back. It is suspended in the heat of passion rotated forwards, so their tops are then almost level with the outer corners of the eye. The rest must be attached to the surface of the cheek. Pinna folded back to be attached to the head so that the folded front edge of the reveals their inner sides. Any other supporting earlobes are defects.
The neck should be short and strong, but not so short that he seemed to head straight sets to the shoulder. Line of neck is nicely arched, the throat are permissible rather small skin folds.
When viewed from the side, withers higher than the shoulders. Back short and strong, preferably straight. The chest should be so deep that it reaches to the elbows. It is spacious, consisting sprung ribs, the last of which reach far back. Belly should be slightly tucked.
The forelegs are strong, robust, seen from the front straight. Shoulders should be wide, oblique and well muscled, close fitting to the thorax as well as humerus, whose axes are inclined to the longitudinal axes of the blades proper angles. Elbows firmly cling to the chest. Pasterns should be short and strong, viewed from the side slightly angled. Feet are vaulted, completely enclosed, with short claws must not be turned in or out.
The hindquarters have strong bones and powerfully muscled. Knees should be bent properly and not in nor out. Hocks should also be properly bent and it is undesirable to be convergent or divergent. The hind legs are strong, strongly arched, with short nails. The pads should be dark.
Loin when viewed from above, slightly narrower than the chest, back should be seen from the side slightly sloping. The tail should preferably be set low, particularly strong at the base, towards the tip gradually narrowing. It is around Bushy hair on the lower side, however, does not even hint so, fringe or "brush". Tip reaching ideally up to hocks, can be straight or curved. The rest is hanging down; in movement carried higher, but not flipped over the upper line of the body. Short or deformed tail is a fault.
Skin must be flexible, but on the trunk and extremities do not form folds and wrinkles. The body coat consists of a top coat and undercoat. The outer coat is short, dense, smooth, contiguous, glossy and never bristly. The undercoat should be short, dense and fine. Its absence is permissible. Any coat colour matching black pigmented nose is possible. May be uniform, or brindle with white markings, a black mask on his face or not. Type piebald colouration is not specified, brown and blue colour is undesirable.