Samoyed - Group V. - Spitz and primitive types, Section 1 - Nordic sledge dogs. Recognized in the year 1913th.
Samoyed is extremely friendly, helpful, attentive and agile and extremely hospitable nature, with very faint hunting instinct. It is never shy or aggressive. Even during its old age it retains the playfulness and always in a good mood. It is very sensitive, but never intrusive, quite docile, but also sufficiently independent.
Education must be nice but consistent when it is increased duration of training it is usually bored, so no longer cooperate. Better it is therefore practice more and shorter. The most important part of education is calling back and walking on a leash, so if possible it cannot pull. Education and training is running well where owner is hardy enough and dog is positively (snacks) stimulated.
Because it is a very social, not clearly watchdog consistently defending territory, however it is barking alerts the owner reliably for any unusual events. Nice nature it makes the dog an excellent friend the small and big children. It excellently tolerates other dogs.
Although it could be housed year-round outdoor kennel, it does not deserve it, most satisfied is in permanent contact with the owner and its family members. Conversely, the outdoor kennel it may get bored and start with the devastation of its equipment.
If the opportunity, dog likes to run a motion for dog is everything. A tendency to wander off there are mainly individuals that suffer lack of exercise. Unless it is calling foolproof, it is recommendable to have free space for a longer leash. It is highly advisable to give it the opportunity to pull in harness, whether on snow or drought, it can operate in the summer and winter scootering skijoring. With appropriate training dog can successfully participate and compete in pulling. After the performance it is as pulling sled dog usually evaluated as a transition between Alaskan Malamute-stayers, and the Siberian-English sprinter, so as a runner on medium-haul-miler.
It is a robust elegant white Spitz medium size, strong, hardy, controllable, but also confident, dignified behaviour, abundant charm. Its face is very typical and it is called "Samoyed Smile". At first look, it should be clear whether it is a dog or bitch. Ideal height at withers, male is 57 cm with a tolerance of + / -3 cm for female is 53 cm with a tolerance of + / -3 cm.
The head is strong, wedge shape. The skull should be slightly arched, broadest between the earlobes. Between the eyes should be only slightly visible front longitudinal furrow. The frontal slope should be clearly declining. Muzzle is strong and deep and to the nose gradually narrowing. Nasal bridge must be straight, large nose, preferably black. During the cold season, when small amounts of sunlight and lack of UV rays, the dark pigment of the nose partially disappear edges must however always be dark in colour. This can prevent the application of supplementary feed containing seaweed.
Lips tightly fitting to the jaws and teeth, their edges are black and rather full. Corners of the mouth should be slightly elevated, which is important for the desired expression on its face. Teeth and jaw must be strong. Regular and complete scissor bite is required. Teeth must correspond to the normal dental formula.
The eyes are dark brown, properly stored in an orbit relatively far apart, slightly slanted, almond-shaped. They represent an important part of the "smile", necessary for its kind, alert and intelligent facial expression. The rims are black.
The earlobes should be high, erect, relatively small, thick and triangular in shape, with slightly rounded tips, moving, quite far apart.
The neck is strong, medium length with a proud carriage. Body has to be deep and compact but supple. Withers should be clear, spine moderately long, muscular and straight. The loin is short, very strong and defined. Croup is round, tight, muscular and slightly sloping.
The tail should be set on rather high, in the heat of passion and movement must be carried flipped from the root forward over the back or side, in peace may be suspended and reaches to the hock.
The chest should be wide, long and deep, ribs are appropriately arched abdomen should be tucked up appropriately. The front legs are muscular with strong bones, straight and parallel. Shoulders should be long, just adjacent to the chest, obliquely. The shoulder bones are splayed, elbows close to the body. Wrist should be firm but pliable, slightly angled pasterns. Feet are oval shaped, flexible and pointing straight forward. Toes should be long, arched and not too close together. The pads are flexible.
The hindquarters must be straight and parallel to each other, very heavily muscled. The thighs are moderately long, really broad and muscular. Knees bent properly, hocks fairly low over the base, properly bent, short vamp, strong, perpendicular to the substrate and parallel. Dewclaws should be removed (if not in law). Movement is energetic, free and tireless.
The coat should be a rich, dense, elastic, fluffy. The top coat should be longer, more harsh and straight around the neck and shoulders form mane. On the head and front of legs, hair is short and smooth fitting. On the outer side ears are short, protruding, straight, and on the inner side to be dense. On the back of the thighs are the "trousers" of longer hair. The toes are thick fur protects paws. The tail should be profusely coated separately. The undercoat is short, soft and dense. In females, hair is often shorter and softer than males, in each case with a special gloss coat.
Colouration may be pure white, cream or white space with light cake made (yellowish) tinge, while the total amount must predominate white and yellowish spots can be few. It should never be a uniform yellow colour. Coat requires regular care. Combed hair can be stored and there is possible to purred hair.
All faults from the requirements of the standard is to be considered as defects and evaluate accurately the degree of expression with regard to health, welfare and the ability of the traditional usage of the individual.
To the serious defects belong apparently non-pigmented sites on the edges of the eyelids or lips. The disqualifying defects counts aggression or excessive shyness, blue or different coloured eyes, overshot and undershot jaw, ears pricked not, coat colour other than that specified in the standard.