Dachshund - Group IV – Dachshunds.
hunting passionate, courageous, tough, hardy and agile dog with an
excellent sense of smell, character and friendly never nervous or
aggressive, always balanced temperament. Intelligence is its
reputation, ingenuity and cleverness and cunning, it can always use for
own benefit. It also excels in remarkable tenacity and persistence. It
is stubborn and its obedience reportedly has its limits, but it is
partly due to its natural autonomy (must be able to decide itself when
hunting) and part of its relationship to the owner.
the education and training by owner, the owner must never try to
break this dog. There is not tolerate scolding, let alone other
punishments, "the insults," and it stops communicating. Because it is
very perceptive and clever means good intonation. During its education
is necessary calmness, patience, prudence and sweet, but the fierce
It is sociable and devoted to its owner and its
family. It does not like being alone, and therefore it cannot be
permanently kept outdoor pens. To strangers, but it is reserved and
often barks at them, because it is trying to guard. Early socialization
is necessary. With children it is getting well, but they cannot deal
with it as a living toy it has its dignity. It can accept pets, if it is
used to from young age.
If it is not used for hunting, it is
grateful for longer walks, but it is flexible, not necessarily daily. It
has hunting abilities that are encoded so deeply that if it decides to
walk in the countryside or run, there is such a risk, it is better to
keep it on a leash. Every Dachshund loves comfort, it enjoys it.
Especially younger individuals tend to be very vigorous, it is best to
get them a job, for example agility training.
is compact, muscled must be strong relative to the body frame of small
sized dogs, it is elongated rectangular. The member countries of the FCI
there are bred 9 types (3 different hairs in 3 sizes). The largest
standard type is a basic of which are derived both miniaturization
smaller, Miniature and Rabbit type. Size different are distinguished by
chest circumference. The Standard type size is more than 35 cm. It is
among the Miniature chest circumference 30-35 cm for Rabbit and involves
a max. 30 cm. Typical is its proud head carriage and alert facial
expression. Each individual must match the type of gender. It is very
agile and nimble.
The head is elongated and tapering evenly
from occipital landscape nose. Browridges are significant. The skull is
rather flat, frontal slope should be indicated only gradually merging
with the slightly arched nasal bridge. The nose is big, long and narrow
and muzzle must be elongated sufficiently broad and strong.
must be able to open mouth wide open, the jaws are relatively powerful,
scissor bite is required, regular, full dentition with strong, exactly
fitting into each other canines. Lips are tightly fitting to the jaws
and teeth and upper completely covers the lower jaw.
medium sized, oval, properly stored far apart, with clear energetic yet
friendly, never unpleasantly prickly eyes. The colour of the iris is
bright, dark reddish brown to blackish brown regardless of coat
colour-called glassy, fish or pearl-coloured eyes are undesirable,
tolerated only in individuals - marling. The earlobes should be high
enough long. On tops are rounded and be movable. The front edge is lying
close to cheek.
The neck is sufficiently long, carried freely
and high muscular. Neck should be slightly arched, the upper body lines
when viewed from the side runs smoothly from neck to slightly sloping
croup. Withers has to be distinctive, high, back is straight or slightly
sloping, strong and well muscled. Loins are properly muscled, long
enough. The croup should be broad, proper length, slightly sloping. The
tail may be set higher; it is carried in the extension of the upper line
of the body and in the last third can be slightly bent upwards.
chest is strong, oval shaped chest and spacious. Belly slightly tucked.
The front legs are muscular, properly angled, dry, straight, strongly
boned, with paws pointing straight forward. The blades are plastically
muscled, long and sloping. The shoulder bones are strong and well
muscled, freely movable. Forearms should be short and straight.
with well-knit toes are well arched with strong, durable and flexible
padded and short, strong nails. The first fingers ("thumb") are not
working, but cannot be removed. The hindquarters are strongly muscled,
parallel. The thighs are tightly muscled and long enough, knees wide and
strong, much bent, legs short, well muscled. Hocks are to be strongly
bent, wiry and dry. The hocks are quite long, ankle movably attached to
the legs. Feet consists of four tightly fitting, appropriately arched
toes touching the ground with high padded. Movement should be roomy,
smooth and light.
For smooth hairs is short, shiny, smooth and
contiguous hard, dense anywhere on the body. The tail should be fine
and a full length, but not too profusely coated.
can be single, double or -patchy (and tiger striped). Uniform coat
colour may be red, yellow-red and yellow. Double coat colour can be
black and tan or brown and tan.
For wire hair type nature
topcoat with the exception of muzzle, eyebrows and earlobes steeped
undercoat must be (on the body) perfectly fitting with dense, wiry. On
the muzzle forms a distinct beard and bushy eyebrows above the eyes.
Coat colour is predominantly shade from light to dark wild boar, dry
leaves and acceptable are the same colours as smooth one.
the longhaired character's hair soft, shiny, mixing with the undercoat
adjacent longer under the neck and on the lower body to the ear lobe,
whose margins beyond, and on the back side of front and hind legs (where
they form a "feathering" and "pants"). The longest is the underside of
the tail, which forms a so-called flag. Colour is the same as for smooth
type. Long hair requires regular care.
All deviations from
the requirements of the standard must be considered as defects and
evaluate exactly according to their severity with regard to the health
and welfare of the male or female. To negative defects counts
considerable fearfulness or aggression, overshot or undershot jaw, wry,
defective position down teeth canines, the absence of one or more
canines, one or more incisors, other premolars and molars, indented
chest (when viewed from the side sharply cranked transition the bottom
line of the chest to the belly line), all defects formation and tail
carriage, very loose blades in the opposite direction (forward) are
sagging (bend, break) wrist uniformly black coat without burning white
coat with tan or without another coat colour than in the standard.