Jämthund - Swedish Moose Dog
Jamthund Group V - Spitz and primitive types, Section 2 - Nordic Hunting Dogs. Recognized in 1946.
It's a bold and energetic, but also handy and absolutely calm dog. It was used only for hunting work, but it is used also as a shepherd guard, dog pulling, sled dog and even as a military dog. With proper guidance, appropriate socialization, education and training it can also be a pleasant company. This breed becomes well known especially outside its country of origin, it is usually used exclusively to hunt moose. It is extremely intelligent and hardworking. It works essentially as a hound, if it finds a track of moose, it follows and caches, even when it is alone, dog can keep it in place for an hour, until the arrival of hunters who follow its voice, dog circulates around trapped animal, during this time it is avoiding moose´s lunges and deftly turns the horns.
Education must be hospitable, but absolutely necessary thoroughly, for people lacking this feature it is therefore uniquely suitable breed. It is not the best breed even beginners. It is not possible to punish dog for its hunting instincts. It is important to create between dog and the owner a relationship based on mutual understanding and respect. With other dogs it is tolerated quite well, but it must be as well as to other animals accustomed from an early age, during this time it is the necessary socialization. It is also important that some individuals tend to have a tendency to behave in a dominant attitude to other dogs and other animals, for this breed they be mainly prey. It gets well with older children. To the strangers it behaves demurely, but not aggressive. Watchdog role by every unexpected visit it notifies by barking. At home, it's gentle and friendly dog that is the owner and whole family loyal and faithful friend. It feels in their company very well, but it prefers year-round accommodation in an outdoor kennel. And frequent contact with people but must be guaranteed. Dog cannot be left in apartment alone it is not really suitable it could cause e.g. the destruction of housing facilities. But even in a kennel dog is not happy alone, pack instinct is too strong. It is really happy when it can live in the company of other dogs of this breed. It is recommended to have leash during walks.
It's more powerful northern Spitz type dog a rectangular hefty and nimble body. It should never be too long body frame or excessively difficult. Male is from 57 to 65 (ideal. 61) cm for females ranging from 52 to 60 (ideal. 56) cm.
The head is elongated earlobes between moderately wide, above the skull should be slightly arched. The frontal slope is obvious, but not too steep. The muzzle measured from the stop to the tip of the nose is slightly shorter than the skull. Toward the nose muzzle gradually narrows, but not when viewed from above, even when viewed from the side must be pointed, it must be blunt ended. Nasal bridge straight, broad and strong, nose should be wide open nostrils. Lips are tightly fitting to the jaws and teeth. The scissors bite is required. Cheeks should be dry and not prominent in sideways. Eyes are slightly oval in shape, brown. Their expression is alert but calm. Ears should be set high, perfectly erect, pointed at the tops and very mobile. Their length is slightly greater than the width at the base and the inner sides are well coated. Location lobe reflects the good observer precisely the emotional mood of the dog.
The neck should be long, strong and carried high. The body is powerful. Its length should be slightly larger than the height. The back must be straight from withers to croup slightly sloping. Loins are broad, well developed. Croup is proper range and only slightly sloping. The tail should be high, moderately long, moderately strong, carried up, curled, but must be coiled into a tight ring or attached to the stern and the loins should be bushy hair does not form on the underside of the longer "fringe".
The chest must be reasonably deep, formed properly sprung ribs. The abdomen should be slightly tucked.
The forelegs are long, sloping shoulder blade, elbows properly fit to the chest. Forearms are straight, dry and strong bones. Feet should be firm, slightly oval in shape, with tightly clenched fingers pointing straight ahead. The hindquarters are parallel to each other. Knees should be bent properly, as well as the ankle.
The body coat consists of a top coat and undercoat. The topcoat is quite closely adjacent to the skin, but not completely smooth. The undercoat should be short, soft, light and mostly cream-coloured. On the head and front of legs the coat is short, neck, chest, tail and rear side of forelegs and thighs long. Colouration can be light or dark gray. Typical light gray or cream-coloured signs are on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, neck and front chest. On the abdomen, the end parts of the legs and under the tail the colour is lighter.
Any deviation from the requirements of the standard are considered as a fault and assess accurately the degree of expression.