Estrela Mountain Dog
Estrela Mountain Dog - Group II Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Its character is absolutely confident, absolutely fearless and confident dog at all times consistent and incorruptible guardian that sometimes behaves to strangers up menacingly. That would be the man who will show this direction the object of its interest, to compel the utmost caution. It is best in this case to stay in place and turn the head by side, because the view pointing straight in the eye could be seen as provocative and explicit call. However with its owners it is remarkably gentle and docile. It is absolutely faithful and devoted. Even it is fixed to the extent that eventually new accustom difficult.
Temperament / Behaviour:
Most common is to have a permanent contact with the owner and other members of the family. In addition to the owner and his family also respects the animals belonging to the family. But certainly it is not breed for beginners. Its education must be from earliest childhood, but with fierce consistent. It must be preceded by early socialization. The little puppy it would be slowly and subtly adjusting to different people, dogs, animals and diverse environment.
Even the best trained dog need not to accept the other dogs, people. Its suspicious is deeply innate. Therefore, it is necessary that the owner meeting his friends was careful. Just passing the hand to each other it can provoke by dog „offensive" behaviour, and it starts to defend. Also, any confidentiality of such persons will not passively endure. When you have a small little puppy it must be taught walking on a leash without pulling.
It's a hefty rustic dog compact, harmonious and perfect body. Its contour lines when viewed from the side, slightly convex. The perfect balance of the overall appearance is highly desirable. Typical for it is agile and dignified, confident demeanour. Facial expression should be bright, calm and courageous. The format of the body is required shortly rectangular. Height at withers, male 65 to 73 cm and in females from 62 to 69 cm. Allowable tolerance is 2 cm. weight of body, male 40-60 kg for females, from 35 to 45 kg.
Skull should be adequately large, round, and when viewed from the side arched above. Its length is equal to the length of the muzzle, if necessary. may be a little bigger. When viewed from the side, the top lines of the skull in the imaginary extension of slightly divergent (divergent) with the muzzle. The occiput should be little noticeable.
Browridges are only weakly indicated as shallow longitudinal front furrow. The frontal slope (stop) should be gradual and is roughly in the middle distance from tip of nose to the occiput (i.e. In the middle of the total length of the head), at the junction of the inner eye corners.
The muzzle must be elongated and direction to the nose, but not pointed at the end. Its length can be the same as the length of the skull or slightly smaller. Nose constitute a direct continuation of the muzzle is large, black-coloured. The nostrils are properly open.
Lips may be significant, should not be too thick or pendulous, but clearly the top overlaps the bottom. Mucous membranes including palate must be a deep black pigmented as well as the lips. They should be cleanly shaped, fitting to the jaws and teeth. Jaws strong, teeth large, white, deeply rooted in its jaws. They should fit snugly together. Teeth are required to complete priority Scissor bite, but bite is also acceptable.
The eyes should be of medium size, rather small, oval in shape, horizontal, equally large, nicely open, calm and keen expression. Preference is given to the iris - dark amber in colour. Eyelids tightly fitting to the eyeballs and black rimmed. Eyebrows are few noticeable.
The earlobes should be moderately high set, folded backwards, just adjacent to the head and neck at the base so you can see a bit of the inside. In proportion to body size they are small. They are thin, triangular, slightly rounded at the tops. The neck should be straight, short and thick, tightly embedded into shoulders.
The tail should be set high, and must be long and strong. It is carried below the top line of the body, upwardly curved sickle and end hook bent. The rest is suspended and reaches to the hock. When alert or in motion rises above the upper line of the body and is curved upwards and forwards or sideways and downward, without interfering over the stern. Must be well furred, the longhaired with a "flag" on the bottom.
Chest forms properly sprung ribs, but not barrel-shaped or cylindrical. It should be appropriately broad and deep so that it extends to the elbows or a little below them. The belly is not too bulky, must not interfere with the overall look and harmony with the other parts of the fuselage. The bottom line of the body should be viewed from the side slowly rise from the end of the sternum to groin. The movement is easy, meaty.
Coat has to be very rich, slightly harsh, but not overly harsh. The texture should be partly similar to goat hair. The undercoat is soft, short and thick, hair is tangled with the outer coat completely develops. Preferred lighter in colour than the outer coat.
Longhaired character is straight or slightly wavy outer coat of different lengths on different parts of the body. On the limbs, below the elbows and the hocks, and his head is shorter and denser on the earlobes its length from base to tip shorter and at the same time it is also softer and softer. On the tail must be longer and richer, shaggy, bottom forms a "flag". Longer is also around the neck and under the throat, behind the thighs and forearms, which are rich "pants", respectively "Feathering".
Smooth character has shorter hair on the entire body, short legs and head, without the "flag", "pants" and "tags". Acceptable colours and typical hair include uniform colouration in all shades of yellow, fawn and sable, which consist of fawn, yellow and gray hairs lighter or darker shade. Possible brindle - basic fawn, gray or yellow hair is dark (almost black) transverse annealing (banding). The dark mask on the head is considered very typical. White markings are permitted only on the tips of the toes and on a small scale at the bottom of the neck and front of the chest.
Faults from the requirements of the standard are to be considered as defects and evaluate exactly according to their severity with regard to health and well-being.