German Spitz Group V - Spitz and primitive types, Section 4 - European Spitz.
German Spitz is the dog at all times vigilant, attentive, lively,
cheerful and lively, intelligent dog, very attached to the owner, whom
is also strongly fixed. It excels in docility and respecting the
principle of consistency after it is easy trained. It must never be
timid or aggressive. Its distrust of strangers and lack of hunting
instinct makes it an ideal guard of the house and garden as well as in
urban apartment, which is of course a risk that may bother by barking
sensitive neighbours. Pleasant is its longevity, which surpasses many
other Spitz breeds commonly live in appropriate care for fourteen years.
is still very active, always willing to play, making it ideal friend of
children. Especially members of the Small sized type are very cuddly.
It gets well with pets. It is an excellent guard, each visit and any
unusual events it communicates by loud barking, nothing and anybody can
escape. Sometimes it is criticized because of barking, but by systematic
education this natural property can be partially muted e.g. by one
silent bark. In no case it cannot be asleep at the barking punishing
because it is doing only what was the task of generations of its
ancestors. In its foundation it needs a lot of movement and
opportunities for mental activity. The smallest varieties are, in terms
of movement, less demanding than the larger. Both can be best for
training agility, flyball and others dog sports complying with their
size. It needs more regular outings. They learn to be happy and happy,
but the training must be fun, so it is best to choose for dog and not to
forget the positive motivation in the form of enthusiastic praise and
treats. Thanks its coat is resistant to bad weather, but housed in
outdoor kennels can only be individuals of larger size. We cannot forget
that in a kennel, Spitz cannot in any case live all its lifetime. As a
breed markedly socially established it has a strong attachment to "its"
people in need of permanent, or at least frequent and longest contact.
There are some differences between two sized types, e.g. The members of
the Large sized type tends to be calmer, the slightest impact on the
contrary, literally bursting with physical activity and activity in the
apartment. For this reason there is not every character equally suitable
Height at the withers:
a) Wolfspitz/Keeshond 49 cm +/- 6 cm, b) Giant Spitz 46 cm +/- 4 cm, c)
Medium size Spitz 34 cm +/- 4 cm, d) Miniature Spitz 26 cm +/- 3 cm, e)
Toy Spitz/Pomeranian 20 cm +/- 2 cm. Dogs under 18 cm undesirable.
Weight: Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight corresponding
to its size.
The head is of medium size, wedge tapering
towards the nose. The frontal slope should be slightly sloping (for
larger absorber) to steep (small hammer). Muzzle not too long, not
pointed. The nose is round, small and pure black, with chocolate (liver)
brown Dark brown. Lips are tightly fitting to the jaws and teeth. For
all shades of colour, their edges are black pigment, only brown. Jaws
must be normally shaped, bite requires scissors. The teeth should be
complete. For small and Toy Spitz / Pomeranian tolerated small premolars
(P). Pincer-bite is permissible in all sizes. The cheeks are gently
rounded, the eyes should be of medium size and almond shaped, slightly
oblique, dark in colour. The rims are black pigment in brown dark brown.
Ears should be small, relatively close to each other, triangular,
pointed tops. They are always carried upright, and their tip must be
Medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders
and neck, slightly arched faucet is high and passes in the shortest
possible straight strong back. The loin is short, broad, strong, croup
should be broad and short, never be falling away. The tail should be set
high, medium length, heavily furred, carried upwards and curled over
the croup, shoulders and spine. Right from the root of the upside and
tightly attaches to the body. A double loop at its end is acceptable.
Coat the tail partially overlaps the upper line of the body and overall
The chest should be deep and well rounded, with distinct fore-breast. The abdomen is slightly tucked.
forelegs are straight, wide apart. Shoulders should be well muscled,
long and sloping, the elbows should be fixed, adjacent to the chest. The
forearms are moderately long, thick, perfectly straight, bushy
"feathered" hair on the back sides. Pasterns are required strong, medium
length. Feet should be small, round with well-knit, well-arched toes,
nails and toe pads are all shades of colour, black, chocolate brown with
dark brown. The hindquarters should be well muscled and to hock heavily
feathered, straight and parallel. Knees should be strong, slightly
bent. Hocks are moderately long, very strong and perpendicular to the
substrate. Movement must be rich, smooth, light and pointing forward.
consists of a straight long standoff top coat and short cotton dense
undercoat. Head, ears, front and hind legs and feet are covered by
short, thick. The rest of the body is covered with long and abundant
hair. Coat must not be wavy or curly or shaggy, nor on the back parted.
Coat colour is at Wolfspitz called Grey shaded (sable), a large impact
may be black, brown or white, in the middle of black, brown, white,
orange, grey shaded (sable) or others in a small black, brown, white,
orange , grey shaded (sable) or others among the Toys can be black,
brown, white, orange, grey shaded (sable) or others. Another colour
means cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan, and mottled. In
black subjects must be dark coloured undercoat and topcoat skin and must
be a shining black without white or otherwise coloured badges. For
chocolate brown hair should be uniformly dark brown evenly. For white
should be pure white without any (especially yellowish) tinge. For
orange should be uniformly moderately deep shade of orange. For grey
shaded (wolf-gray) and have a silver gray colour with black tips of
hair. Pied must have a basic colour white and black, brown, gray or
orange patches to be deployed throughout the body. The hair must be
regularly cared (brushing, grooming and bathing).
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
accurately assessed by the degree of expression with regard to the
health and welfare of the dog or bitch. To negative defects belong
aggression and fearfulness, unmatched fontanelle, overshot or undershot
jaw, ectropion or entropion forward drooping earlobes, distinct white
patches in all shades of colour except white.