Norwegian Buhund - Group V. - Spitz and primitive types, Section 3 - Nordic Watchdogs and Herders. Recognized in 1943.
Norwegian Buhund is friendly and always vigilant, alert, active and lively, energetic dog .It is courage and considerable self-confidence and flexible dog. For herds working today in its country of origin it is used only rarely, but it is more use as a companion dog. It is intelligent, obedient, cheerful, nimble, agile, nimble and tireless, but also sensitive.
During its education it hates any hardness or it does not deserve it. However, it needs an owner who can be a true leader "pack", a man acting entirely consistent, decisive and consistent. By humans who are not satisfying these conditions it could try to assume the role of α-individual in all family. It is also not the most suitable breed for people who love peace. Its agility and entrepreneurship would ever bother them.
It loves its owner and it is wholly devoted. It has great relationship also with family members, especially with children, whom it is kind, even tender. As a reliable guard announces all unusual, what is happening around it, it is barking loudly, and it is therefore quite audible. To unknown persons it has a priori negative relationship but it is never aggressive.
It can be all year in an outdoor pen, it would suffer, but the impossibility of continuous contact with "its " people and it would be terribly bored, which would sooner or later lead to stress, which would be reflected e.g. destructive behaviour. There is not the best breed for small flats, it needs a lot activity.
It needs absolutely essential not only plenty of exercise, but also some mental work. Thus satisfy its relentless energy that makes do something. It learns willingly and quickly. Excellently it suits for training agility and obedience. It proves itself as an assistance dog for the deaf people. If you train with it, the owner must at least provide for it a regular long walks brightened up by appropriate exercises. Owner dedicated to jogging there will be happy to join during owner´s run.
It is a typical Spitz slightly smaller than a medium-sized, square body frame, with banners earlobes and carried up on shoulders and rump tightly coiled tail. The height at withers male is 43-47 cm for female is 41 to 45 cm, weight of body for dogs between 14-18 kg for females from 12 to 16 kg.
Head must not be too heavy, it is quite wedge shaped, clean. In its construction must be clearly expressed sexual dimorphism. The skull should be flat and above the upper line when viewed from the side in an imaginary extension line of the muzzle. Under the eyes must be well filled and must never be forfeited. The frontal slope is obvious, but not too steep.
Muzzle should be as long as the skull may not even be considerably sharpened, not too coarse. Nose required black, nasal bridge straight. Lips fit tightly to the teeth and jaws, and the edges are coloured black. Teeth should be complete, scissor bite.
The eyes are oval in shape, darkest, eye rims black. Ears must be adequately large, erect, rigid, pointed at the tops. The neck should be moderately long, clean lines (no dewlap), strong, and held high.
Back short, firm, straight, like loin. The croup should be slightly sloping.
The tail is set high, carried up, tightly curled amid the stern and the loin. It does not noticeably directed to the one or to the other side of the body.
The chest should be deep, ribs must be properly rounded. The forelegs are strong, strong bone. Shoulders should be moderately angulated, which means that their tops directed obliquely upwards and backwards. The elbows must not be turned in or out. Forearms are straight pasterns when viewed from the side appropriately angled. Feet should be oval shaped, compact (closed).
The hindquarters are properly angled. The thighs should be strong, very muscular, legs well muscled. Hind feet are the same as the forequarters.
The body coat consists of a top coat and undercoat. Topcoat is dense, rich, hard, but rather smooth fitting. On the head and front of limbs slightly shorter, neck, chest, back, rear thighs and tail longer. The undercoat should be soft, very dense.
Colouration may be wheat or black. Wheaten colour may be different shades from light (blond) after the yellow-red. The ends of hair may be dark, but it may not, but if they are dark, there may not be enough to alter the base colour of coat. Preference is given to pure and bright colours. Dark mask of the face is allowed. Desirable is the smallest amount of whitespace. The black colour should be uniform if possible with a minimum bronze (Titian) touch even in this colour should be white characters as possible.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and accurately assessed by the degree of expression with regard to the health and welfare of the male or female.